What is the difference between Broad Spectrum CBD Vs Full Spectrum Vs CBD Isolate?

Broad Spectrum CBD Vs Full Spectrum Vs CBD Isolate

CBD can take on many different forms and it is important that you know about each one so that you can better address your specific needs. As one of the most trusted CBD brands in the space, Modern Love Organics is here to clear up any misconceptions you may have about CBD. Let's dive in: 

You may have heard the terms  isolate, full-spectrum, and broad spectrum in relation to CBD, but what do all these terms mean and how do they specifically relate to what you are looking for when searching for CBD?

We want to outline a distinct difference between the three spectrums.

CBD Isolate

CBD isolate has become so popular within a short time, thanks to its potency and zero THC content. CBD isolates contain zero THC content. This makes it appropriate for all those who don't want to feel high. It is the purest form of CBD by about 99%. After the extraction of CBD from the cannabis, a more complex extraction process is employed to remove any residual materials or any unwanted compound from the extract. THC is known to cause psychoactive effects, unlike pure CBD. There are chances of testing positive after consuming normal CBD which has traces of THC. To avoid all this, the extraction method has to be thorough to ensure no THC remains in the CBD. Below is the process on how you can extract CBD isolates:

Extraction Of CBD Isolate

The process of extraction is easy;

In the first stage, extract the normal CBD using either solvent-based or non-solvent methods. The extract contains several cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes.

Step two, filters out any remaining plant materials from the extract before further purification. It takes the now pure oil through the winterization process where you soak the extract in alcohol then freeze it. This separates all the remaining materials leaving behind pure CBD.

The winterized oil is further evaporated to ensure no plant residuals are present in the oil. The final stage is to decarboxylate the oil into a crystalline form.

Broad Spectrum CBD

This is a mix between CBD isolate and full-spectrum CBD. It contains all the compounds present in full-spectrum except for THC. It gives an 'entourage effect' but since THC is absent, no psychoactive effects are experienced after use.

The broad-spectrum CBD is now a favorite for many as it lies in between the other two spectra. This has made it a reliable option for many looking to try CBD.  

Extraction Of Broad CBD Spectrum

The extraction method used is similar to that of a full-spectrum with one more step involved to remove THC. Here is a step by step process to the final product.

The first step is to treat raw hemp using a suitable solvent; supercritical carbon dioxide is frequently used.

High temperatures and pressure are applied to the mixture to make sure it turns into a uniform solution. Temperature, pressure, and run time can be adjusted during the process to obtain different compounds.

Compared to the alcohol extraction methods, this method is relatively expensive but ensures high yield and fewer materials are lost during the process. This makes it the best choice for this process.

The supercritical CO2 is cooled then filtered and can be used again making it economical. The traces of CO2 that remain in the extract, evaporate into the air.

The final stage involves the use of chromatography to remove THC. It is also possible to isolate all the compounds separately and then recombine them.

Full Spectrum CBD

This is an extract containing all-natural compounds in a plant; essential oils, cannabinoids, and terpenes. It is important to note that full spectrum CBD does contain THC - the psychoactive compound in the cannabis plant. Many believe that the combination of the other cannabinoids with CBD can lead to an 'entourage effect' with all elements of the plant working together to provide relief, however if you are sensitive to THC or don't wish to have it present in your system, you may want to avoid full spectrum CBD when it comes to addressing your ailments. 

No matter which type of CBD you choose, always consult a medical professional or healthcare practitioner before introducing CBD into your routine. 

 

 

References

Osvaldo Marinotti, Miles Sarill (2020), Journal of Dietary Supplements 17 (5), 517-526

Philip McGuire et al, (2018), American Journal of Psychiatry 175(3), 225-231.